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Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change


Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change
Author: Schmidt, Emily
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 56.26 MB
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View: 3021
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This paper evaluates Ethiopia’s urbanization trend during the last four decades, while also considering Ethiopia’s structural transformation and recent public investments to promote greater industrialization within the country. Ethiopia’s urban population grew 4.2 percent per year between 1994 and 2015, far outpacing the overall population growth rate of 2.5 percent. Compared to the urban growth rate of Africa (3.5 percent per year), Ethiopia experienced a 20 percent faster urban population growth rate (UNDESA 2015). Urbanization in Ethiopia is expected to reach 38 percent by 2050. However, this level is relatively low compared to the majority of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. Improved road infrastructure, rural to urban migration and secondary city development is increasing urbanization within the country. In addition, recent public investments to promote industrialization and increase manufacturing labor opportunities via newly constructed and planned industrial parks are projected to increase urbanization and bolster structural transformation across the country. We evaluate these investments and demographic trends within the context of other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as with the experience of India and China. Ethiopia’s investment in higher-value manufacturing and service activities via economic zones may provide similar infrastructure to that of China and India’s ‘township and village enterprises’ (TVE). However, a focus on increasing human capacity and labor mobility will be necessary to ensure that rural farmers are able to take advantage of labor opportunities outside of the agriculture sector. We calculate the projected economic impact of Ethiopia’s planned industrial zones and sugar factories and find that while public and private investment in industrial and agro-industrial parks may provide a catalyst for future growth, they are likely to provide only a small share of total output and employment. Investments in sugar factories are anticipated to total USD 5.2 billion, with estimated production of USD 3.6 billion and value-added of USD 3.3 billion. However, an increase in sugar output of this magnitude would imply massive sugar exports that may not be financially profitable.




Transforming Agri Food Systems In Ethiopia Evidence From The Dairy Sector


Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change
Author: Minten, Bart
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 34.57 MB
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View: 6099
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In the transformation of agri-food systems in developing countries, we usually see rapid changes in the livestock sector. However, good data for clearly understanding this transformation are often lacking, especially so in Africa. Relying on a combination of diverse large-scale datasets and methods, we analyze transformation patterns in the dairy value chain supplying Addis Ababa, the capital and biggest city of Ethiopia. Over the last decade, we note a rapid increase in expenditures on dairy products by urban consumers, especially among the better-off. Relatedly, the number of dairy processing firms in Ethiopia tripled over the same period, supplying a significant part of these dairy products, especially pasteurized milk, to the city’s residents. The number of dairy traders increased rapidly as well, with competition between them becoming more intense over time. Upstream at the production level, we find improved access to livestock services, higher adoption of cross-bred cows, a shift from grazing to commercial feeds, an increase in milk yields, expanding liquid milk markets, a sizable urban farm sector supplying almost one-third of all liquid milk consumed in the city, and an upscaling process with larger commercial dairy farms becoming more prevalent. However, average milk yields are still low and not all dairy farmers are included in this transformation process. Small farms with dairy animals as well as those in more remote areas benefit less from access to services and adopt less these modern practices. For these more disadvantaged farmers, stagnation in milk yields and even declines – depending on the data source used – are observed.




Synopsis Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change


Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change
Author: Schmidt, Emily
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN:
Size: 54.21 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
View: 3674
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This research note evaluates Ethiopia’s demographic shift over the last four decades while also evaluating potential urbanization trends 20 years into the future.1 Propelling Ethiopia’s urban growth is new secondary city development, ongoing population growth in small towns, and improved access to markets. In order to understand how secondary city growth is contributing to urbanization, we update the agglomeration index for the country. In addition, we look at recent patterns of domestic migration. Reviewing the government’s investment strategy in industrial parks and sugar factories, we explore current plans for industrial zones in Ethiopia. In examining the scope for their success, we consider the key role that government policy will need to play in terms of overall investment in infrastructure, as well as the major implications of macro-economic and trade policies to motivate increased private sector investment in Ethiopia’s industrial sector.




The Oxford Handbook Of The Ethiopian Economy


Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change
Author: Fantu Cheru
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192546457
Size: 64.47 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 1333
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From a war-torn and famine-plagued country at the beginning of the 1990s, Ethiopia is today emerging as one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa. Growth in Ethiopia has surpassed that of every other sub-Saharan country over the past decade and is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to exceed 8 percent over the next two years. The government has set its eyes on transforming the country into a middle-income country by 2025, and into a leading manufacturing hub in Africa. The Oxford Handbook of the Ethiopian Economy studies this country's unique model of development, where the state plays a central role, and where a successful industrialization drive has challenged the long-held erroneous assumption that industrial policy will never work in poor African countries. While much of the volume is focused on post-1991 economic development policy and strategy, the analysis is set against the background of the long history of Ethiopia, and more specifically on the Imperial period that ended in 1974, the socialist development experiment of the Derg regime between 1974 and 1991, and the policies and strategies of the current EPRDF government that assumed power in 1991. Including a range of contributions from both academic and professional standpoints, this volume is a key reference work on the economy of Ethiopia.




Oecd Development Pathways Rural Development Strategy Review Of Ethiopia Reaping The Benefits Of Urbanisation


Ethiopia S Spatial And Structural Transformation Public Policy And Drivers Of Change
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 926452648X
Size: 49.39 MB
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This report takes a spatial approach to study Ethiopia’s rural development strategies. It highlights the need to develop stronger and more functional linkages between rural and urban areas. As such, the development of intermediary cities and small urban centres provides large scope for inclusive rural transformation. The report is the result of rigorous analysis, and extensive consultations with national and international stakeholders. It identifies some of the key challenges faced by rural areas and provides a series of recommendations to enhance Ethiopia’s rural development strategies.



Ethiopia's spatial and structural transformation: Public policy and drivers of change
Language: en
Pages: 48
Authors: Schmidt, Emily, Dorosh, Paul A., Kedir Jemal, Mekamu, Smart, Jennifer
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-07-03 - Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
This paper evaluates Ethiopia’s urbanization trend during the last four decades, while also considering Ethiopia’s structural transformation and recent public investments to promote greater industrialization within the country. Ethiopia’s urban population grew 4.2 percent per year between 1994 and 2015, far outpacing the overall population growth rate of 2.5 percent.
Synopsis: Ethiopia's spatial and structural transformation: Public policy and drivers of change
Language: un
Pages: 4
Authors: Schmidt, Emily, Dorosh, Paul A., Kedir Jemal, Mekamu, Smart, Jenny
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-02-22 - Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
This research note evaluates Ethiopia’s demographic shift over the last four decades while also evaluating potential urbanization trends 20 years into the future.1 Propelling Ethiopia’s urban growth is new secondary city development, ongoing population growth in small towns, and improved access to markets. In order to understand how secondary city
The Oxford Handbook of the Ethiopian Economy
Language: en
Pages: 872
Authors: Fantu Cheru, Christopher Cramer, Arkebe Oqubay
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2019-01-10 - Publisher: Oxford University Press
From a war-torn and famine-plagued country at the beginning of the 1990s, Ethiopia is today emerging as one of the fastest-growing economies in Africa. Growth in Ethiopia has surpassed that of every other sub-Saharan country over the past decade and is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to exceed 8
Transforming agri-food systems in Ethiopia: Evidence from the dairy sector
Language: en
Pages: 34
Authors: Minten, Bart, Habte, Yetimwork, Tamru, Seneshaw, Tesfaye, Agajie
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2018-12-18 - Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
In the transformation of agri-food systems in developing countries, we usually see rapid changes in the livestock sector. However, good data for clearly understanding this transformation are often lacking, especially so in Africa. Relying on a combination of diverse large-scale datasets and methods, we analyze transformation patterns in the dairy
Ethiopia's agrifood system: Past trends, present challenges, and future scenarios
Language: en
Pages: 520
Authors: Dorosh, Paul A., ed., Minten, Bart, ed.
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2020-09-14 - Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Ethiopia has experienced impressive agricultural growth and poverty reduction, stemming in part from substantial public investments in agriculture. Yet, the agriculture sector now faces increasing land and water constraints along with other challenges to growth. Ethiopia’s Agrifood System: Past Trends, Present Challenges, and Future Scenarios presents a forward-looking analysis of